Deceiver's Distrust in Psychological Anime & Manga

I was studying for an exam and the term, deceiver’s distrust, came up.

Deceiver’s distrust = When people lie to others, they often begin to perceive the recipients of the lies as less honest and trustworthy as a result.

I thought about it, and it does happen in a lot of psychological and gambling anime. Two examples of deceiver’s distrust in anime and manga are Kaiji and Liar Game. Deceiver’s distrust plays out often in these two series, but I’ll outline two specific scenarios. Spoilers ahead!

1. Kaiji: Ultimate Survivor

Kaiji is the best psychological anime I’ve seen. I highly recommend it. In a match against Middle Manager Tonegawa, Kaiji trusted Tonegawa. Tonegawa, who was cheating the entire match, believed that Kaiji had switched the cards for his own benefit. Because Kaiji trusted Tonegawa and because Tonegawa thought that Kaiji had switched the cards, he lost… bitterly.

2. Liar Game

Liar Game is a psychological manga. I highly recommend this series as well, but the ending was extremely disappointing. During the Contraband game, Nao and Akiyama promised to save everyone, even though it meant that they had to move onto the next round. Yokoya, who was secretly smuggling money into his own account, did not believe Nao and Akiyama’s good intentions. He called them losers, stupid, and foolish. Spoiler alert: he lost the match.

There are many more examples of deceiver’s distrust in anime and manga. Can you think of other examples? What about in real life? Perhaps believing that others are less honest and trustworthy reduces their own guilt. What do you think?

Update: October 2019

All of these pictures were posted on my Instagram, but I thought I would post them in a blog format.

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Can’t wait to read this book~

Thanks crew~

Katsu with soba~

My first Kaiji thing. It’s pretty much impossible to find anything from this anime in Canada… Thank you to my friend for the belated birthday gift! Those who watched Kaiji Season 2 will know about the dice… The ใ–ใ‚ใ–ใ‚ wrapping paper OMG

Bought this Totoro mug cover

Mazesoba

Picked this up yesterday at the store

Shungiku Nakamura is one of my favourite mangaka ^^

Taiyaki~

Chirashi don~

Matcha ice cream

Should I keep doing this kind of monthly update? Let me know. x)

๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ Rose

Get to Know Me: Favourite Anime

Genres are kind of an iffy thing, but I got most of these genres from MAL. These are the genres I watch more frequently.

Favourite Action

When it comes to action shows, I like shows with more graphic content.

  • Inuyashiki
  • Parasyte
  • One Piece
  • Attack on Titan Season 3 Part 2
  • Mob Psycho 100 II
  • Tokyo Ghoul

Favourite Psychological

This is probably my favourite genre, but there aren’t too many good psychological anime.

  1. Kaiji
  2. One Outs

Favourite Mystery

  1. Death Note
  2. Erased
  3. Zankyou no Terror
  4. Hell Girl: Two Mirrors
  5. Heaven’s Memo Pad

Favourite Boys Love

  1. Sekaiichi Hatsukoi
  2. Given

Favourite Slice of Life

I’m not a big Slice of Life fan, but I love these ones.

  1. My Roommate is a Cat
  2. Violet Evergarden
  3. Natsume’s Book of Friends

Favourite Romance

I don’t watch a lot of romance anime. I’m more into action, psychological, and mystery shows.

  1. Recovery of an MMO Junkie
  2. After the Rain

Favourite Comedy

I don’t watch a lot of comedy but these shows made me laugh. They match my sense of humour perfectly.

  1. Middle Manager Tonegawa
  2. Saint Onii-san

Favourite Others

I think these shows are really unique.

  1. Made in Abyss
  2. Durarara!!
  3. Carole & Tuesday

My Top Posts (According to Views)

These are the posts that people have been reading the most.

BL Review: HIStory 2: Boundary Crossing

This is a Taiwanese Boys Love drama. I do recommend it, and I list my reasons in the blog post.

Singer 2018 – ๅŽๆ™จๅฎ‡ Hua Chenyu Reactions

Singer was a huge show in 2018. It is a singing competition that takes place in China and the contestants are all established singers. In that year, Hua Chenyu, Jessie J, and other singers ran in the competition. You can read the post here.

Superstar Spotlight: Hua Chenyu

In this post, I talk about who Hua Chenyu is. You can read the post here. Hua Chenyu is my favourite singer. I’ve also done similar blog posts for Kwang-ho Hong and Bii.

Representation of Chinese Characters in Anime

I was surprised that this one was popular. I do think that it’s an important topic that needs to be talked about. I roll my eyes when Chinese characters are drawn in traditional clothing in a modern day setting. You can read it here.

Song Meaning: ่–›ไน‹่ฌ™ Joker Xue โ€“ ๆผ”ๅ“ก Actor

In this post, I interpret Actor, a song by Joker Xue. I’ve also written my thoughts about another one of Joker’s songs called Animal World (Click here for the post).

Kaiji References in Anime

Kaiji is my second favourite anime (my first favourite is One Piece) so this makes me happy. You can read the post here. I have written more posts about Kaiji, including Character Spotlight: Fashionable Kaiji and Animal World: Kaiji Film Adaptation Review.

Peach Girl (2017) – Japanese Film Review

Peach Girl (2017) is a Japanese live-action adaptation of the shoujo manga with the same title. The scenery was pretty but the pacing of the story wasn’t very good. You can read more about it here.


I think I’m starting to see a pattern here. Maybe I should write more posts on Asian dramas and Chinese singers. Topics that are not talked a lot about seem to do well too.

Manga Review: Koushiki Ekkyouden – Fukumoto All Stars

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Fukumoto All Stars is an adorable and funny manga featuring different characters from Fukumoto’s works. The authors had Nobuyuki Fukumoto’s cooperation and the characters are drawn in chibi style. This short manga is similar to Rock Lee & His Ninja Pals and Attack on Titan: Junior High.

It’s ideal if you have read or watched Kaiji, Akagi and other FKMT series because this manga relies on references to Fukumoto’s earlier works.

Thoughts: The art is adorable! It is quite funny, but the tropes get repetitive after a while. For example, Kaiji betting a limb to gamble because he doesn’t have money to gamble with.

If you have seen and liked the Kaiji spin-off anime, Middle Manager Tonegawa, then you’ll like this manga. (You can read my review on Middle Manager Tonegawa here.) You can finish reading Fukumoto All Stars in one sitting. The tropes become increasingly repetitive so I think the short length is appropriate. Overall, I think it’s worth checking out because you get to see the characters from different FKMT series interact with each other!

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Animal World: Kaiji Film Adaptation Review

Animal World (2018) is a Chinese film based on the manga, Kaiji by Nobuyuki Fukumoto. It is on the rock-paper-scissors arc of the manga. As a huge Kaiji fan, I had to watch this film.

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Synopsis: Zheng Kaisi is tricked into shouldering on his friend’s debt. He enters a game that takes place on a ship. There, he sees players from all over the world with enormous debts. If he wins, he will be debt-free. However – if he loses, he will have to face a life worse than imaginable. The game is rock-paper-scissors but it has its own set of rules. Zheng Kaisi has to beat the other players in rock-paper-scissors. Sounds straight-forward, right?

Actually, it’s an extremely intense and interesting game. There are various psychological elements to consider, such as cheating, betrayal, working with comrades and greed. This psychological thriller/gambling film adapts the Kaiji manga very well. The gambling that happens in the film is identical to the manga, so you won’t be disappointed with the ending.

Something that was interesting was that the players were diverse and spoke different languages. Kaisi communicated with non-Chinese players by listening to an earpiece that translated the other player’s words into Chinese in real time. I thought this was realistic.

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Kaiji is a great manga that tackles themes such as human nature and I think that ‘Animal World’ is a suitable name for the film because in an environment where there are not a lot of regulations, humans may succumb to “animal-like behaviours.” Kaisi is a great protagonist that refuses to degrade himself like that. In this game, he fights the resistance to betray others. He is a flawed protagonist that does not have a 100% chance of winning. That is what makes him such a relatable character.

I don’t think that Kaiji is a simple manga to adapt. Animal World did it well, because of a number of reasons. One, the cinematography is really well done. Nobuyuki Fukumoto does a lot of panels with metaphors, and Animal World has amazing graphics that showcases those metaphors. Metaphors help the audience understand the depths of what the character is feeling. I liked that the film remained close to the source material in this way.

The actor who plays Kaiji/Kaisi, Li Yifeng, is a great actor. He is famous in China and played the role really well. Kaisi is different from Kaiji in terms of his personality, family background, life situation and relationships, which gives Animal World its own sense of originality. Like Kaiji, Kaisi is a likable and strong protagonist.

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The budget for this film and also the cinematography allowed the manga to come to life. Extra elements were added in the film but they were enjoyable to watch. Overall, I was really impressed with this adaptation and enjoyed it a lot. I recommend watching Animal World, even if you have never read or watched Kaiji. If you are a Kaiji fan, it doesn’t hurt to give this a try.

Animal World is available on Netflix.

Manga Review: Tobaku Datenroku Kaiji: Kazuya-hen

Tobaku Datenroku Kaiji: Kazuya-hen is Part 4 of the Kaiji manga series by Nobuyuki Fukumoto.ย For my review on Part 3, click here.

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In the beginning of the arc, Kaiji reads a novel written by Kazuya. The story is ridiculous, but it was also extremely captivating. I was completely drawn in and couldn’t stop reading.

Kaiji plays a significantly smaller role in this part. Unlike the other arcs in which he is the main player, this arc is focused on three best friends: Mitsuyama, Chang, and Mario. The three friends play the Salvation Game. Kaiji and Kazuya watch from the sidelines while the three friends put their friendship to the test. Either all three friends will win the game and split up the prize money (millions of dollars) or one friend will betray the others and take all the money for himself. If the latter happens, the two remaining friends will have their skulls crushed and will die as a consequence.

Kaiji believes that Mitsuyama, Chang, and Mario will work together until the end and win the game, while Kazuya believes that they’re all frauds. He believes that betrayal is inevitable and that it’s inherent to human nature. I found that my own morals were put to the test because I felt that I had to pick a side. To be completely truthful, I kept going back and forth between Kaiji’s and Kazuya’s arguments. In the end, the side I picked lost.

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Kaiji stands his ground and doesn’t suck up to people he doesn’t like!

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Kaiji compares the players to his “friends.” This was a painful page to read. Not only did I feel empathy towards Kaiji, I was also reminded of my own experiences of betrayal.

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Kaiji still protests, despite being punched and kicked on.

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Kaiji isn’t involved in the game, doesn’t know the players, but still feels empathy for the players.

Why do I read Kaiji?

  1. It makes me feel better about my own life. I reflect upon my own life and think,ย my life isn’t bad at all. I’m actually so lucky to have a supportive family and a roof over my head. I don’t have to worry about going hungry. I have clothes that will keep me warm. I have a bed and access to a hot shower.ย 
  2. Kaiji inspires me. Yes, he’s a fictional character but he’s a resilient character.